Lenux Terminal Besic Commands

$ls          :- (In order to know which files and directories are contained in the path we are

$ cd {foldername}     :- (To access a folder)

$ cd ..        :-    (To go back to the previous folder)

$ cp {filename} {newfilename}    :-   (To copy a file)

$  mv {filename} {newfilename}  :-  (To move or rename a file)

$ mkdir {foldername}    :- (To create a) folder)

$ nano {filename}.          :-  (To use a text editor (we will use the CTRL+X key combination to close the
editor and Y/N to confirm a possible overwrite action):

$  ls --help       :- (And so on. Using the terminal, we will run programs also requiring some
parameters, specified by the - (minus) character: if we wish to know how the ls
command works and its allowed parameters, we must use --help:)

$ man ls   :-   (Or, we can use the man tool)

$ apt-get install [packagename] :-Furthermore, remember that we will use the apt commands to install new
programs on Debian:

$ yum install [packagename] :- Although not officially supported by this document, it may be possible to
install the same package on Red Hat-based distros (Fedora, CentOS, etc.) using
the command:

$  pacman -S [packagename] :- or also on Arch Linux-based systems, using the command:

$ sudo apt-get   :- You’ll always have to launch these and other commands as root
(administrator). In such cases, you should use the prefix:

$ su       :- If the latter is not present, you’ll have to login as root first, using the

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